New Delhi: Kidney stones, also known as renal lithiasis or nephrolithiasis, are small, hard mineral deposits that form inside the kidneys. Kidney stones affect all ages and both sexes, although older people are more likely to have stones than younger ones.
While the leading cause of kidney stones is lack of water, high sodium intake, high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, urinary tract infection can increase the risk. A family history can also increase the risks of developing kidney stones.
Four major types of kidney stones can form: Calcium stones, uric acid stones, struvite stones and cystine stones.
Symptoms of kidney stones may include-
- Severe pain in the groin and lower abdomen
- Severe pain in the side and back, below the ribs
- Pain accompanied by nausea and vomiting
- Pain or burning sensation during urination
- Blood in urine
- A urine that smells bad or looks cloudy
- Difficulty passing urine
- Fever and chills if there is an infection
- Persistent urge to urinate
You should call or see a doctor if you have any of the above symptoms.